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Will amox clav treat diverticulitis

This is a phase IV clinical study of how effective Amoxicillin (amoxicillin) is for Diverticulitis and for what kind of people. The study is created by eHealthMe from 3 Amoxicillin users and is updated continuously Taking Amoxicillin Clavulante 875 2x a day for mild Hi - taking Amoxicillin Clavulante 875 2x a day for mild diverticulitis attack. I forgot if took one at 2 pm, but took one just now. If i took too close together would I get sick

Amox clav (Amoxycillin and clavulonic acid) is a broad spectrum antibiotic and can be used for treating diverticulitis. But usually preferred one is combination of ofloxacin and ornidazole along with probiotics. Hope this may help you. Let me know if anything not clear Treatment consisted of oral antibiotics for 7 days (amoxicillin-clavulanic or ciprofloxacin plus metronidazole in patients with penicillin allergy). Patients were seen again at between 4 and 7 days after starting treatment to confirm symptom improvement For years, acute uncomplicated diverticulitis (AUD) has been considered a relatively straightforward disease to treat. Patients typically present to the Emergency Department (ED) or their primary care provider (PCP) with new onset abdominal pain, often (but not always) in the left lower quadrant A. Pasbjerg A diagram showing diverticulitis and other colon problems. When inflammation and infection of the intestinal diverticula occur, there are several antibiotics for diverticulitis a doctor may prescribe to a patient. For relatively mild cases, oral antibiotics are usually sufficient; some common ones are ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and doxycycline

But when waste gets stuck in there, an infection develops from the clog, it gets all irritated, and that hurts, and that is called diverticulitis, which itis means irritation, sickly. So, the antibiotic Avalox the doc gave you clears the infection, and liquid diet gives the irritated place a chance to heal over Antibiotics. Since bacteria are responsible for the inflammation, antibiotics are the cornerstone of diverticulitis treatment. However, the latest evidence demonstrates that acute uncomplicated diverticulitis can be safely and effectively treated without antibiotics 9, 10.; What is the best antibiotic

Acute diverticulitis is inflammation of the colonic diverticulum, which may involve perforation or microperforation (Figures 1 and 2).In Western societies, most diverticula (85 percent) are found. Find information about which conditions amoxicillin-potassium clavulanate oral is commonly used to treat I would like to say that yes Augmentin (Amoxcillin-clavulanate) can be used as an out patient treatment in case of diverticulitis. I prefer more flagyl or ciprofloxacin in my patients for treatment in case of diverticulitis. But Augmentin can also be used in order to cure the infection in diverticulitis

How effective is Amoxicillin for Diverticulitis? - eHealthM

  1. Diverticulitis is a condition where sacs along ones intestines, known as diverticula, become infected. There are many ways to treat diverticulitis. Antibiotics and pain medication can be used for.
  2. Diverticulitis-Treatment Overview - WebMD. You may have a brief (acute) bout of will flagyl alone treat diverticulitis that goes away with home treatment such as increasing fiber in your diet. However, in some cases the condition Diverticular Disease: Nonoperative Management of Complicated.
  3. Diverticulitis is found among people who take Amoxicillin, especially for people who are female, 60+ old, have been taking the drug for < 1 month. The phase IV clinical study analyzes which people take Amoxicillin and have Diverticulitis

The investigators hypothesis is that in the treatment of uncomplicated (mild) acute diverticulitis, supportive treatment without antibiotics is a more cost-effective approach than conservative treatment with antibiotics with respect to time-to-recovery as primary outcome. Amoxicillin-clavulanate: 4 times a day 1200 mg and switch to oral. Yet many people suffer from an upset stomach when taking antibiotics. Diarrhea is a common concern. So are abdominal cramping and gas. In the worst cases, long-term antibiotic use can even lead to.

Amoxicillin/clavulanate is a combination penicillin-type antibiotic that should be reserved for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible beta-lactamase producing bacteria. Its use may be limited by resistance and side effects such as diarrhea and yeast overgrowth. 5 By Amy Orciari Herman. Edited by David G. Fairchild, MD, MPH, and Jaye Elizabeth Hefner, MD. For patients receiving antibiotics for outpatient diverticulitis, amoxicillin-clavulanate seems preferable to metronidazole plus a fluoroquinolone, according to an observational study in the Annals of Internal Medicine.. Using medical claims data from 2000 to 2018, researchers identified nearly.

Diverticulitis is a common condition. More than 100,000 adults are hospitalized each year with acute diverticulitis. A far greater number have mild (uncomplicated) diverticulitis and are treated without hospitalization. The cornerstone of outpatient treatment is antibiotics, typically given for 7-10 days Clavulanate potassium is a beta-lactamase inhibitor that helps prevent certain bacteria from becoming resistant to amoxicillin. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium is used to treat many different infections caused by bacteria, such as, pneumonia, ear infections, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, and infections of the skin All had an abdominal CT scan and received intravenous antibiotics, either an initial IV infusion of 1 g of amoxicillin per 125 mg of clavulanic acid, or, in the case of those with a penicillin allergy, ciprofloxacin 200 mg and metronidazole 500 mg. Half of the patients were then assigned to either inpatient or outpatient antibiotic treatment Amoxicillin-clavulanate [Guideline] Feingold D, Steele SR, Lee S, et al. Practice parameters for the treatment of sigmoid diverticulitis. Dis Colon Rectum. 2014 Mar. 57(3):284-94

Can amox/pot clav 875 mg be used to treat diverticulitis

Now here we are March and follow up ct scan says diverticulitis again, But between January and March got C Diff along the way and then e coli while in Mexico. I demanded to be put on a different antibiotic so they gave me Amox/Clav but second culture still says I had c diff But during an attack of acute diverticulitis, a liquid or low-fiber diet (low-roughage diet) is recommended, as it leads to a low residue (waste material). When the symptoms are mild, oral antibiotics like cephalexin, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, amoxicillin-clavulanate, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and metronidazole are recommended Went to urgent care March 23 and got a CT. Confirmed diverticulitis. Prescribed amox-clav 875 for ten days. Liquid diet, plus IV fluids & pain injections. Symptoms came and went, and I felt better, but still had some lingering stuff like you. Wondered all along if it was still lingering Diverticulitis is a common condition. More than 100,000 adults are hospitalized each year with acute diverticulitis. A far greater number have mild (uncomplicated) diverticulitis and are treated without hospitalization. The cornerstone of outpatient treatment is antibiotics, typically given for 7-10 days In 2016, I, too, thought I was experiencing appendicitis, which was diagnosed via CT scan as diverticulitis. Since then I have experienced a flare up about every 18 mos., requiring a 10 day round of amox/clav 875 and metro diazanole, which make me feel quite sick. Earlier in life, I never drank water and frequently was constipated

Can Amoxicillin Clavulanate cure diverticulitis

Medications for Diverticulitis. Diverticulitis, if becomes chronic and severe, can give rise to serious complications like formation of abscesses, fistula, infection, perforation and peritonitis. Therefore, early diagnosis and prompt treatment is very essential to control the disease in its early stages STEP 1: The Healing Diverticulitis Diet. STEP 2: Supplements to Treat Diverticulitis. STEP 3: Lifestyle Changes Necessary to Treat Diverticulitis. Diverticulitis Side Effects. Diverticulitis is a painful and upsetting disturbance in the digestive tract, a colon disease, which can be effectively treated with the diverticulitis diet diverticulitis may present with left lower quadrant pain, tenderness, abdominal distention, and fever. Other symp- toms may include anorexia, constipation, nausea, diarrhea, and dysuria

Severe Diverticulitis: People with more severe symptoms, including abdominal pain, fever >101F (38.3C), marked leukocytosis, inadequate response to oral antibiotics, and other evidence of serious infection or complications should be hospitalized. 4,8 Treatment involves IV fluids and IV antibiotics (e.g., ceftazidime sodium plus metronidazole. The treatment approach for diverticulitis can be broadly classified into either uncomplicated disease or complicated disease, and it takes into account a few other special considerations. [] Acute uncomplicated diverticulitis is successfully treated in 70%-100% of patients with conservative management Amoxicillin with or without clavulanate is the firstline treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis. Clinicians should reassess initial management if there is either a caregiver report of worsening (progression of initial signs/symptoms or appearance of new signs/symptoms) or failure to improve within 72 hours of initial management Can amox tr-k clv 875-125 mg tasan treat laryngitis? I am not a doctor but i was perscibed this for pharyngitis as a substitute for augmenten Are there drug interactions with Amox tr-k clv 875-125 The Amox-Clav is usually use to treat diseases and body condition like the sinusitis, urinary tract infection, respiratory illness and middle ear that are usually caused by certain bacterium and viruses. Many medical experts and doctors say that taking Amox-Clav should be taken by consulting first the doctor before taking it. The Amox-Clav.

After 3 different rounds of antibiotics, my body finally responded. Cipro and flagyl did not help. Instead, it was Amox Clav 875/125 that did the trick. I started getting relief almost 2 days after starting the round of antibiotics. Well the holiday season came around and I was eating quite recklessly. Ribs, mac & cheese, ice cream, pie, ham, etc Augmentin and amoxicillin are similar antibiotics that doctors prescribe to treat bacterial infections. Learn about their differences and possible side effects in this article

NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only.Do not use it later for another infection. A different medication may be necessary in those cases.With prolonged treatment, laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., kidney and liver function, complete blood counts) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check. Amox-clav vs FQ-metronidazole for Diverticulitis; Results: The intention-to-treat analysis for the endpoint of mean weight change was -14.85% with semaglutide and -2.4% with placebo, for a difference of -12.44% (P <.001). Also, 86.4% of participants in the semaglutide group achieved ≥5% bodyweight reduction, vs 31.5% of the placebo group. However, for less serious illnesses, such as pneumonia, a sinus infection, or a urinary tract infection, you may not need to finish, Hicks says. If you have been fever-free for 24 to 48 hours and.

USES: Amoxicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (e.g., common cold, flu). Unnecessary use or overuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness Treatment Options Vomiting and diarrhea are the most common side effects of amoxicillin. There are a number of different options for people experiencing diarrhea after taking amoxicillin; finding the right one usually depends on the severity of the condition as well as a person's overall health Typical dosing for Augmentin (amoxicillin / clavulanate) Adults (or children weighing 40 kg and more): Severe infections or respiratory tract infections: The typical dose is 875 mg (XR) every 12 hours or 500 mg (IR) every 8 hours. Less severe infections, inner ear infection, or sinusitis: The typical dose is 500 mg (IR) every 12 hours or 250 mg (IR) every 8 hours Amoxicillin should NOT be used for UTIs in men because of great likelihood of deep tissue infection of the kidney or prostate. Amoxicillin dosage for UTI: 250-500 mg 4 times daily for 7 days 3. Can Amoxicillin Treat UTI? Yes, amoxicillin can treat bladder infection caused by susceptible bacteria Pr Sandoz®Amoxi-Clav tablet amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablets (500 mg / 125 mg and 875 mg / 125 mg) Read this carefully before you start taking Sandoz Amoxi-Clav tablet (amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablets) and each time you get a refill. This leaflet is a summary and will not tell you everything about this drug

Diverticulitis: antibiotic therapy recommendations. OR (Monotherapy) Augmentin XR* 1000/62.5 mg 2 tablets orally twice daily *AUGMENTIN XR is contraindicated in patients with a creatinine clearance of < 30 mL/min. and in hemodialysis patient A few of the most common foods to eat while taking antibiotics include: Prebiotics — Prebiotics are the building blocks for healthy gut bacteria. When you ingest them, they help to make your gut a friendly place for more healthy bacteria to grow. Find them in kefir, yogurt, and even fortified cereals. Probiotics: — Like prebiotics. Augmentin is commonly used in adults and children to treat infections of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, ear, sinuses, and skin. Some of these uses are approved by the Food and Drug. Mucus is a slimy, slippery fluid that acts as a lubricant and protects various structures in the body. There are a number of mucus-secreting cells in the body, but mucus is most prominent in the respiratory, genital and gastrointestinal tracts, notes the University of Colorado at Boulder 1.When the gastrointestinal tract becomes infected or undergoes frequent irritation, the mucus-secreting.

Outpatient treatment of patients with uncomplicated acute

SIDE EFFECTS. AUGMENTIN ES-600 is generally well tolerated. The majority of side effects observed in pediatric clinical trials of acute otitis media were either mild or moderate, and transient in nature; 4.4% of patients discontinued therapy because of drug-related side effects Can amoxicillin treat chlamydia Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice

I started amox-clav 875 mg two days ago for an abcess tooth on my lower jaw but the swelling is getting worse. Yesterday, it was a knot about the size of a golf ball. Today, it's more leveled out but goes 1 inch from ear lobe over to the middle of my mouth. Root canal appt on the 14th to allow enough time for the infection to go away Amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid was not non-inferior to emergency appendicectomy for treatment of acute appendicitis. Identification of predictive markers on CT scans might enable improved targeting of antibiotic treatment Yeast Medications and Antibiotics. If you take a yeast medication while you're on antibiotics, it may reduce the yeast population in the infected area and alleviate your symptoms. However, as long as you're on the course of antibiotics, the bacteria level will remain artificially low -- meaning your yeast infection may spring right back up OTC antifungal creams can take up to 10 days to treat a yeast infection. You should make an appointment if you get recurrent yeast infections, which refers to having four or more yeast infections.

Diverticulosis Diverticulitis SCAD Dietary modifications - Clear liquids - High fiber Antibiotic therapy 1. Ciprofloxacin 500 mg BID + metronidazole 10 mg/kg daily x 10-14 days 2. Mesalamine 800 mg TID x 7-10 days 3. Mesalamine 1600 mg TID 4. Prednisone 40 mg daily x 7 days, then taper over 6 weeks 5. Recurrent symptoms: long-term ciprofloxacin 6 For Adults: The usual adult dose is one 500-mg tablet of Augmentin every 12 hours or one 250-mg tablet of Augmentin every 8 hours.For more severe infections and infections of the respiratory tract, the dose should be one 875-mg tablet of Augmentin every 12 hours or one 500-mg tablet of Augmentin every 8 hours. Adults who have difficulty swallowing may be given the 125 mg/5 mL or 250 mg/5 mL. The most effective treatment for severe complications of acute pancreatitis is the drug Abaktal, the active substance of which is pefloxacin (2nd generation of fluoroquinolones). Pefloxacin has a pronounced bactericidal action (inhibits the process of cell division and protein synthesis necessary for building a bacterial membrane) and acts. Co-amoxiclav is a similar antibiotic to penicillin. It works by combining amoxicillin with clavulanic acid to kill the bacteria that cause an infection. Sometimes amoxicillin cannot kill the bacteria on its own. This is because some types of bacteria produce an enzyme (called beta-lactamase) that breaks amoxicillin down

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of diverticular disease in people aged 18 years and over. It does not include on: management of abcessess, bowel perforations, anastomosis and bowel resection for people with complicated acute diverticulitis (elective and emergency surgery) management of recurrent acute diverticulitis Bladder infections are typically caused by bacteria, which can be spread through various conditions, including by using some forms of birth control and wearing tight clothes. If you exercise in tight clothes, you could be increasing your risk of bladder infections; however, there does not seem to be a direct link between bladder infections and. If you're sick and you're feeling really, really tired, it may not be just the illness itself that has you dragging. It could be the antibiotics you're taking to cure it that is the problem. Amoxicillin, which is used to treat bacterial infections in various parts of the body, can cause tiredness or weakness as a side effect, and patients should alert their doctor if that happens [source: Mayo. The FDA advises that these medications should not be used as a first-line treatment for uncomplicated UTIs. Dr. Chen says other antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (Augmentin), cotrimoxazole (Bactrim), or nitrofurantoin (Macrobid), may be better options. Ways to avoid urinary tract infections

Find treatment reviews for Amoxicillin-clavulanate from other patients. Learn from their experiences about effectiveness, side effects and cost Dismiss this notification PatientsLikeMe would like to remind you that your browser is out of date and many features of the website may not function as expected augmentin - UpToDate. Combination beta-lactamase inhibitors, carbapenems, and monobactams. equivalent and may be superior to standard dosing in appropriate patient populations. Amoxicillin-clavulanate will inhibit most strains of oxacillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus and beta-lactamase . › Although metronidazole is not used to fight alcohol abuse, it remains a critical drug for the treatment of various gastrointestinal infections, including diverticulitis, and in the treatment of. Augmenting ---what is amox k clav 875 mg used for I have diverticulitis. I am afraid of all the side effects of augmentin. I am afraid of all the side effects of augmentin. After 3 days of liquid diet my pain persists

Antibiotics for acute uncomplicated diverticulitis: Time

Diverticulitis causes no complications in most cases, however, some develop complications and need surgery. The uncomplicated diverticulitis is the focus of this review. It has traditionally been viewed as an infection with bacterial overgrowth in the big bowel and has therefore been treated with antibiotics Treatment should focus on covering anaerobes and GN flora. Treat for 7-10 days. Options: 1) Cipro + flagyl. 2) SMX/TMP+ flagyl. 3) Amox/clav. 4) Moxi (if cannot take flagyl or beta lactam) Non-drug treatment of diverticulitis: 1) Liquid diet or bowel rest. 2) High fiber diet once episode resolve

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an acute and chronic inflammatory bowel disease, whose cause is unknown. However, it is widely accepted that bacteria living in the large bowel are essential for the development of the disease. Intuitively, therefore, a logical approach to treatment would be to use antibiotics. However, antimicrobial chemotherapy has. The treatment for diverticulitis that is normally recommended is rest and a course of antibiotics. Doctors may also recommend avoiding solid food and advise following a liquid diet. A case of diverticulitis may be treated at hospital as an inpatient or as an outpatient; this will depend on the severity of the symptoms In another study, adults and children who took the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus during antibiotic treatment had a 10 percent less risk of contracting antibiotic-associated diarrhea . Even in people who do experience diarrhea when taking broad-spectrum antibiotics, probiotic supplementation reduces the duration of symptoms by an entire day.

What are the Different Antibiotics for Diverticulitis

Dr. Arlene Haywood answered. 46 years experience Pediatrics. Take antibiotic with: Amoxicillin-clavulinic acid commonly causes abdominal pain +/- diarrhea- much better tolerated if taken with food. 1 doctor agrees. 0. 0 comment. 2. 2 thanks. Send thanks to the doctor However, the researchers state that the gut microbiota of the subjects recovered—'almost' to original levels—within 1.5 months. It's important to note, though, that nine common species, which were present in all subjects before the treatment, remained undetectable in most of the subjects after 180 days (Source: DX DOI) Antibiotics can cause side effects like diarrhea and changes to the gut microbiota, but luckily, certain foods can reduce the risk. Here's what to eat during and after antibiotics

augmentin and diverticulitis - MedHel

Diverticulitis is a common disease of the bowel, in particular the large intestine. Diverticulitis develops from diverticulosis, which involves the formation of pouches on the outside of the colon. Diverticulitis results if one of these diverticula becomes inflamed. Diverticulitis most often affects middle-aged and elderly persons, though it. This approach seeks to attack the bacterial overgrowth head on and fairly quickly with antibiotic drugs (Abx). It is the first choice for most gastroenterologists. It must be followed with preventative measures . Dose finding studies have achieved up to 91% success in eradicating SIBO (measured by hydrogen breath test) and 94% symptom improvement i was given amoxicillin/k clav tabs for a sinus infection - two days left of antibiotics, diarrhea for three days straight. can i take imodium (loperamide)? One is used to inhibit vomiting, one to try and stop diarrhea and the last is used to treat spasm of the s Read More. 3 doctors agree. 0. 0 comment. 1. 1 thank. Send thanks to the. This type of infection still causes symptoms such as ear pain, difficulty at the hearing, itching, bad smell or pus production. You must go to the otolaryngologist to evaluate the symptoms produced by the infection and indicate the treatment that usually consists of the use of antibiotics such as amoxicillin-clavulanic acid Amoxicillin is a very common antibiotic to treat a wide range of bacterial infections. Amoxicillin is particularly useful against certain alpha and beta-hemolytic strains of bacteria (like Streptococcus pneumonia and beta-lactamase-producing strains of Haemophilus influenza or Moraxella catarrhalis) that infect sinus cavities, ear, and throat

Common Trade Names: Augmentin, Augmentin XR, Augmentin ES-600; Adult Dosing Infection, Bacterial. 500mg-875mg PO q12h; Pneumonia, community-acquired. 2000mg ER PO q12h x 7-10 days; Pediatric Dosing Infection, Bacterial. 25-45mg/kg PO divided q12h; Otitis media. 90mg/kg/day PO divided q12h x 10 days; Special Populations. Pregnancy risk: B. I've been prescribed amox-clav for a sinus infection. I'm very worried about actually taking it, though. Currently, I'm on Entyvio for UC, and -- thankfully -- I've been in remission for a year. But prior to Entyvio, I had the worst flare up I'd ever had in my life since being diagnosed with UC in 2006 Amoxicillin Clavulanate Potassium - Amoxycillin clavulanate potassium is more frequently used to treat recurring cases of strep throat. Marketed as Augmentin, amoxicillin clavulanate potassium is resistant to degradation or damage caused by waste products, such as beta-lactamase created by Streptococcus. The main side effect of amoxicillin. Activia yogurt made by Dannon contains probiotic bacteria that can help restore your normal flora. The daily recommended doses of probiotics are 10 to 20 billion colony-forming units for adults and 5 to 10 billion CFUs for children per day, according to the American Family Physician. The Activia yogurt contains around 5 to 10 billion CFUs in. I normally have excellent bowel movements since I eat lots and lots of fiber. I've been taking a combination of antibiotics Metronizadol and amoxicillin since a week ago for severe gum infections (after the first round of treatment of antibiotics did not clear a milder infection and it seemed the bacteria became more resistent and aggressive) and I began to have to clear my bowels five to six.

1 Name of Medicine. Amoxicillin trihydrate and potassium clavulanate. 2 Qualitative and Quantitative Composition. Alphaclav Duo 500/125 and Alphaclav Duo Forte 875/125 tablet preparations are combination products containing amoxicillin trihydrate and potassium clavulanate as the active ingredients Amoxicillin 875mg is a medication consisting of 875 milligrams of the antibiotic Amoxicillin in isolation with no other ingredients. Amox TR-K CLV 875mg/125mg tablets on the other hand, are a combination medication consisting of two ingredients, namely the antibiotic Amoxicillin and the clavulanic acid called Clavulanate Potassium For the treatment of acute otitis media (AOM). NOTE: Amoxicillin; clavulanic acid is the preferred initial therapy for children who have received amoxicillin within the past 30 days, who have concurrent conjunctivitis, or those for whom coverage of beta-lactamase-positive H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis is desired

No, while amoxicillin is a very common antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, it is not an antibiotic for UTI treatment. How Can I Get Instant Relief From A UTI? Because most UTIs are bacterial, antibiotics for UTI treatment are the fastest way to get rid of a UTI and get relief Start studying Antibiotics - ANCC. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Augmentin for a prophylactic is a terrible choice, the vanco is way worse, but for a single pill, this has some serious problems the FDA needs to look at. I only took it for 4 days, Digestive problems, nervousness, depression and feeling of impending doom..Every dang night I would wake up between 2:30 and 3:00 am Augmentin. Augmentin is amoxicillin combined with a beta-lactamase inhibitor called clavulanate, an ingredient that blocks the enzymes that contribute to antibiotic resistance. 2. The addition of a beta-lactamase blocker to amoxicillin allows Augmentin to overcome resistance to harder-to-treat bacteria, broadening the spectrum of infections it. Since the last published surveillance study describing Canadian isolates of B. fragilis group almost 20 years ago (A.-M. Bourgault et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 36:343-347, 1992), rates of resistance have increased for amoxicillin-clavulanate, from 0.8% (1992) to 6.2% (2010-2011), and for clindamycin, from 9% (1992) to 34.1% (2010-2011)