Clinical anatomy of the lower limb professor Viorel Nacu 2013, Chişinău. Landmarks of the lower limb 1.Regio glutealis - In the upper third it is covered by margin of gluteus maximus m., deep fascia and partly by long head of biceps femoris m Upper Limb; Lower Limb; UBC Anatomy Labs; Interactive Modules. Upper Limb Overview. Brachial Plexus. Cubital Fossa. Forearm. Wrist. Hand - NEW - SHOULDER. Shoulder Joint Anatomy. Shoulder Girdle Muscles. Shoulder Joint Muscles. Arm Muscles Acting Clinical Anatomy. Med Ed Media. ABOUT US Right upper limb depressed (i.e., lower than left) Mild numbness over right upper limb. Right radial pulse weaker than left. Lung sounds normal. Imaging Studies. Radiography of right shoulder revealed a midclavicular fracture . Clinical Problems to Consider. Anterior shoulder dislocation. Clavicle fracture. Shoulder separation + of the upper extremity. The objective of this is the formation of the holistic picture of the targeting and projection anatomy of the upper extremity. This manual is a useful source of knowledge of the lower extremity's regional clinical anatomy. The student, who read attentively will find for himself the necessar . Lower Limb. Interactive Modules. Lower Limb Overview. Lumbosacral Plexus. Anatomy of Gait. REGIONS. Hip Anatomy Bones & Ligaments. Movements of the Hip - NEW - Knee Anatomy Clinical Anatomy. Med Ed Media. ABOUT US
In human anatomy, the upper limb (also upper extremity) refers to the region distal to the deltoid. In formal usage, the term arm only refers to the structures from the shoulder to the elbow, explicitly excluding the forearm , and thus upper limb and arm are not synonymous. However, in casual usage, the terms are often used interchangeably In 2021, a better knowledge and/or understanding of numerous anatomical topics regarding the upper limb may still be of great interest to improve medical, radiologic, and surgical every-day practice. Among them, anatomical variants are sometimes crucial both for diagnosis and treatment of intercurrent disorders of adjacent structures 2. Clinical Anatomy of the Lower Limb By Muahammad Ramzan Ul Rehman Muhammad Ramzan Ul rehman Nishtar ken 2. 3. MUHAMMAD RAMZAN UL REHMAN NISHTAR KEN 3. 4. Femoral Nerve L2-L4 Largest branch of the lumbar plexus Flexors of hip & extensors of knee Skin of the anterior and lateral thigh, medial leg and foot Saphenous nerve Skin of medial aspects.
Arteries of upper limb Axillary artery Continuation of subclavian artery at lateral border of first rib Becomes brachial artery at lower border of teres major Divided into three parts by overlying pectoralis minor First portion, above muscle－gives rise to thoracoacromial a. Second portion, behind muscle－gives rise to lateral thoracic a Overview of Upper and Lower Limbs. This module aims to give you a solid grounding in the gross anatomical structure and function of the upper and lower limbs. The module also aims to develop your teaching skills in a number of different environments. A fundamental understanding of anatomical terminology should be mastered at the outset of this. Anatomy Upper limb Nerves and vessels. Clinical case: Brachial plexus injury In the case described here, the patient had a puzzling neurological deficit consisting of apparently both upper and lower brachial plexus injuries. Based on the radiographic findings and patient history, clinical interpretations led to the reasoned response that. Important Muscles of Upper Limb Muscles Description Biceps Prominent muscle on the front of arm. Important in bending elbow and supinate forearm. Triceps Only muscles of the back of arm. Important in straightening the elbow. Brachioradialis Passing from lower end of humerus to lower end of radius. Important for holding elbow at desired angle Start studying Clinical Anatomy: Upper Limb. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools
4. Clinical Anatomy and Orthopedics of the Upper Extremity* *Recommended to complete this online lecture prior to attending the Current Concepts in the Biomechanics of the Upper Extremity in Sports Chiropractic classroom course 5. Communicating with an Understanding the Psychological Motivations of Athletes 6. Adjunctive Therapies. Clinical Anatomy Pane- Upper Limb. The upper extremity is composed of: the bones in the upper extremity are: the shoulder joint is where the ___ mee. Shoulder. bones, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. shoulder, clavicle, scapula, humorous, radius, ulna, carpals,. - clavicle meets the process of the scapula Navigation best viewed on larger screens. Try using search on phones and tablets
1. ANATOMY OF UPPER LIMB BY Dr.TEJASWI DUSSA PG IN MS (ORTHO) GANDHI HOSPITAL. 2. MUSCLES OF UPPER LIMB Attachments Nerve Suply Blood Supply Actions & Clinical Testing. 3. ATTACHMENTS OF UPPER LIMB TO THE AXIAL SKELETON BONY CONNECTION - CLAVICLE MUSCULAR ATTACHMENTS Trapezius, Latissmus Dorsi, Levator Scapulae, Rhomboideus Major, Rhomboideus. A collection of upper limb anatomy notes. Clinical Examination A comprehensive collection of clinical examination OSCE guides that include step-by-step images of key steps, video demonstrations and PDF mark schemes 3. M1 Musculoskeletal Clinical Anatomy Cases Involving the Upper Extremity Andrew R. Barnosky, DO, MPH, FACEPFall 2008. 4. A 59 - year old postal worker is seen inthe outpatient department and lateradmitted to the hospital. He reports thatfor the last three years he has experiencedtransitory periods of dizziness with vertigo,nausea, and. Below is the complete table of contents presented in Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy VOL 1 Upper and Lower limbs 16th Edition PDF: Part 1 Introduction. 1. General introduction. Part 2 The upper limb. 2. Introduction to the upper limb 3. The pectoral region and axilla 4. The back 5. The free upper limb 6. The shoulder 7. The arm 8.
The arterial supply to the upper limb is delivered via five main vessels (proximal to distal): Subclavian artery. Axillary artery. Brachial artery. Radial artery. Ulnar artery. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the arteries of the upper limb - their anatomical course, branches and clinical correlations Upper limb falls may also produce wrist fractures. In children, they produce fracture of the radial epiphysis.In young adults, fracture of the scaphoid (figure 25) is more common, and must be identified, as the bone is prone to non-union giving long-standing wrist weakness.Persistent tenderness over the proximal scaphoid, in the anatomical snuffbox, is a useful diagnostic sign Q. Describe the venous drainage of lower limb under the following heading: Superficial, perforating and deep veins. Factors that help in venous return. Applied anatomy. Q. Describe hip joint under the following headings: Type of joint and articular surfaces. Capsule and ligaments. Movements and muscles responsible. Applied anatomy
The upper extremities and lower extremities are just fancy names for the arms and the legs. Knowing the clinical anatomy of these structures is important because your future patients need arms and legs to get from place to place and pick up things when they get there. Following are the main features of the upper [ Clinical Anatomy of Lower Extremity. Fig. 5.1. Gluteal region. Fig. 5.2. Nervous anatomy of lower limb. The following structures emerge from the pelvis through greater sciatic foramen into the gluteal region: 1. Above the piriformis
Regional anatomy. The lower limb is divided into the gluteal region, thigh, leg, and foot on the basis of major joints, component bones, and superficial landmarks (Figs. 6.1, 6.2):The gluteal region is posterolateral and between the iliac crest and the fold of skin (gluteal fold) that defines the lower limit of the buttocks. The major bone of the gluteal region is the pelvic bone Start studying Clinical Anatomy of the Lower Limb. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools femoral artery. - major artery supplying the lower limb. - continuation of the external iliac artery. - branches supply most of thigh and all of leg and foot. superior/inferior gluteal arteries. - originate in pelvic cavity as branches of internal iliac artery. - supply the gluteal region Upper Limb Structure and Functions. The upper limb and lower limbs were evolved basically for bearing the weight of the body and for locomotion. In quadrupeds forelimbs and hindlimbs are, therefore, built on the same basic pattern. Each limb is made up of a basal segment or girdle, and a free part divided into proximal, middle and distal segments
Upper Limb. Lower Limb. Parasympathetic Nervous System. Sympathetic Nervous System. Home. Clinical Anatomy. Med Ed Media. ABOUT US. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Anatomy of the Upper Limb 45 . The Arm . Arm compartments and muscles The arm is surrounded by a layer of deep fascia that encloses its contents like a sleeve and sends septa between the muscle groups to facilitate their gliding on each other. The medial and lateral intermuscular septa pass to the medial and lateral supracondylar ridges of th Cite this chapter as: Khanna S., Khanna A.K. (2016) Clinical Anatomy of Lower Extremity. In: Khanna A., Tiwary S. (eds) Ulcers of the Lower Extremity Start studying Gross Anatomy- Upper Limb Clinical Cases and Sensory Nerves. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Common Upper and lower limb vascular (arterial) examination questions for medical finals, OSCEs and MRCP PACES Click on the the example questions below to reveal the answers Question 1: Question 2: Question 3: Question 4: Question 5: Question 6: Question 7: Question 8: Question 9: Question 10: [
CHAPTER 45 Pectoral girdle and upper limb: overview and surface anatomy. This chapter is divided into two sections. The first is an overview of the general organization of the upper limb, with particular emphasis on the distribution of the major blood vessels and lymphatic channels, and of the branches of the brachial plexus: it is intended to complement the detailed regional anatomy described. Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Psoas Major Review. In: StatPearls [Internet]. The orientation of the muscle changes from the superior-inferior direction of the upper portion to a horizontal direction toward anterior of the middle portion reaching the pubic branch and passing under the inguinal ligament, and to an oblique direction. Upper limb. Dermatomes of the upper limbs are innervated by spinal nerves C5-T2. Here, the organisation of dermatomes is complex because of how the upper limbs bud in embryonic development. C5 - anterior skin below the clavicles spreading over the lateral aspect of the upper limb, posterior skin around the base of the nec
Gross Anatomy by Texas Tech University. This book covers the following topics related to human anatomy: Anatomical orientation, Introduction to the nervous system, Spinal cord and spinal nerve, Movements of the upper limb, movements of the lower limbs, Introduction to joints, Introduction to the autonomic nervous system, Autonomics of the thorax, Abdominal viscera basics, Gut development. Study Flashcards On Clinical Anatomy Lower Extremity Quiz 2 at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want
upper limb (6) Tags abdomen anatomy anatomy mcqs answers axilla brief notes cardiovascular system connective tissue Davidsons Principles and Practice of Medicine elbow epithelial flash cards gastrointestinal system glandular histology Kumar and Clark's Clinical Medicine lower limb lymphoid mcqs pelvis perineum revisions rotator cuff muscles. . In this article, we will look at the boundaries, contents, and clinical significance of the cubital fossa. Structure and Function. Being triangular, the cubital fossa has three borders: Superior (base) - an imaginary line between the medial and lateral epicondyles of the humeru The bones of the upper limb can be divided into four main groups: the shoulder girdle, arm, forearm and hand. In contrast to the lower limb (which is involved in weight-bearing and locomotion), the main role of the upper limb is to control the position of the hand in space - enabling manipulation of objects in the environment Lower brachial plexus injuries are much more uncommon, and they affect the inferior roots of the brachial plexus, namely C8 and T1. This can happen because of excessive abduction of the arm, aka an increased angle between the trunk and the upper limb
CHAPTER 79 Pelvic girdle and lower limb: overview and surface anatomy. This chapter is made up of two sections. The first is an overview of the general organization of the lower limb, with particular emphasis on the fascial skeleton, distribution of the major blood vessels and lymphatic channels, and the branches of the lumbar and sacral plexuses: it is intended to complement the detailed. Anatomy knowledge, and the skill to apply it, is arguably the most important facet of safe and competent acupuncture practice. The authors believe that an acupuncturist should always know where the tip of their needle lies with respect to the relevant anatomy so that vital structures can be avoided and so that the intended target for stimulation can be reached The radial nerve is a major peripheral nerve of the upper limb. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the radial nerve - its anatomical course and its motor and sensory functions. We shall also consider the clinical consequences of damage to the nerve. Overview. Nerve roots - C5-T1 The upper limb contains an intricate metro system of blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. These structures are wrapped up and organized into different compartments by superficial and deep fascia layers, and together they form the multifunctional upper limbs we know and love
98. All postaxial musculature of the upper extremity would be denervated by a lesion at this site 99. This nerve may be damaged by a deep cut over the anterolateral chest wall 100. This nerve is traumatized in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: 101. drains into subclavian vein 102. innervates muscles of the hand 103. drains into the brachial vei The upper limb is connected to the axial skeleton, which is the cranium, vertebral column, and associated thoracic cage, by the bony pectoral girdle at the sternoclavicular joint, which is the connection between the clavicle and sternum. Each upper limb is made up of 32 bones, and has a number of different regions The deep lymphatics from the gluteal region and upper part of the back of thigh accompany the gluteal vessels and drain into the internal iliac nodes. Clinical Significance. Elephantiasis: The lymph vessels of the lower limb in many cases are obstructed, especially in the endemic regions, by the microfilarial parassites (Wuchereria bancrofti) Inderbir Singh's Textbook of Anatomy is the latest edition of this comprehensive, illustrated, three volume guide to human anatomy. This edition includes fully revised and updated content, with current clinical advances. - The first volume includes a new, expanded chapter on general anatomy and further sections on upper and lower limb Quiz Instructions. Graded quiz will prevent the correct answers and descriptions from being presented until the quiz is complete. You will receive a score, and you will be able to go back to see what you missed. Clicking Begin will generate a quiz of either 10 or 25 questions. You can take any quiz as many times as you like, but the.
Clinical anatomy of the lower extremity is one of the most important sections in topographic anatomy. One of the major challenges for the students of medical university is to get the theoretical base and the competences that are professionally necessary. This manual is a useful source of knowledge of the lower extremity' upper and lower subscapular nerves (C5,6) subscapular a. subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor are the rotator cuff muscles: supinator: lateral epicondyle of the humerus, supinator crest & fossa of the ulna, radial collateral ligament, annular ligament: lateral side of proximal one-third of the radius: supinates the forear Clinical Considerations of Upper Limb After you learn all that you can about a part of the body, it will add to your knowledge if you can then relate your information to clincial problems. Throughout your study of Human Anatomy, you should always keep in mind how you will use this knowledge and for most, that will be in diagnosing problems of. May 8, 2009 UPPER LIMB CLINICAL CORRELATIONS + LOWER LIMB CLINICAL CORRELATIONS. Posted in physiotherapy at 7:44 am by Edwin. Fracture Clavicle: Occurs at middle/lateral thirds. Upward displacement of proximal segment (sternocleidomastoid muscle) and downward displacement of distal segment (deltoid muscle and gravity)
.pdf from ANATOMY NEURO at Makerere University. Clinical Anatomy Dr.Metwally Shaheen ( FRCS) Ortho. Consultant ( Head of Orthopaedic Department SGH-J ) The Upper Orthopedics of the Upper and Lower Limb is an ideal resource for trainees and junior surgeons seeking an easy to follow clinical manual on how to successfully diagnose and treat patients with orthopedic disorders affecting both limbs.It is also of use to the experienced practitioner seeking a detailed resource on the latest advances in the field
كتب Anatomy of clinical upper limb and lower (1,948 كتاب). اذا لم تجد ما تبحث عنه يمكنك استخدام كلمات أكثر دقة. # Anatomy of clinical upper and lower party # Atlas of Human Anatomy Anatomy of the upper limb # Atlas of Human Anatomy Anatomy of the lower limb # Muscles of the upper limb # Nerves of upper limb # The bones of the upper limb # The. In the realm of anatomy, the 'leg' is strictly the region between the knee and the ankle joints rather than the entire lower extremity, as erroneously referred to in common language. In this small section, we'll briefly mention the main parts of the leg, namely the bones, muscles, and neurovasculature
Below, Table 4 describes the lower extremity dermatomes. Table 4. Dermatomes of the Lower Extremity and Genitalia . Spinal Component Skin Distribution. L1 dermatome The skin over the back lateral to the L1 vertebra; wraps around the lower trunk/upper part of lower extremity to the hip girdle and the groin are The clinical features, diagnosis, classification, and approach to treatment of acute upper extremity ischemia are reviewed. Acute lower extremity ischemia is reviewed separately. (See Clinical features and diagnosis of acute lower extremity ischemia.) UPPER EXTREMITY ANATOMY — The subclavian arteries provide blood flow to the upper. Sonoanatomy of the Upper and Lower Extremity. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia is the practice of applied anatomy. A detailed knowledge of neuroanatomy and the relationships of nerves to other structures is critical to successfully perform ultrasound-based procedures
Essential Clinically Applied Anatomy of the Peripheral Nervous System in the Limbs is designed to combine the salient points of the anatomy of the PNS with typical pathologies affecting the nerves of the upper and lower limbs.. The book is a quick reference guide for those studying and treating neuromuscular disease such as neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists, and clinical. Lower Limb Anatomy & Movement. Part 1: Understand in detail the boney structures that comprise the pelvis, femur, patella, tibia, fibula and the foot and how they form; At each of articulating surfaces, joint capsules and the different characteristics surrounding the synovium of each joint. Learn the names, the structure and function of the. General introduction. The lower limb is directly anchored to the axial skeleton by a sacroiliac joint and by strong ligaments, which link the pelvic bone to the sacrum. It is separated from the abdomen, back, and perineum by a continuous line ( Fig. 6.1 ), which: Fig. 6.1 Upper margin of the lower limb Gluteus minimus is the smallest muscle of the glutei. It shares many similar features that of the gluteus medius, including structure and function, blood supply, and innervation. It is located just beneath the gluteus medius muscle. Gluteus minimus predominantly acts as a hip stabilizer and abductor of the hip. The muscle's blood supply and innervation are from the superior gluteal artery.
The skeleton of the lower limb (or lower extremity) consists of the pelvis and three parts of the free lower extremity - the thigh, leg, and foot. AN Model Viewer. model. model. The pelvic skeleton (or pelvic girdle) consists of two hip bones and the sacrum. A single bone forms the skeleton of the thigh - the femur, while the leg (also known as. Dermatomes of the torso Dermatomes of the lower limb. L1: the inguinal region and the very top of the medial thigh. L2: the middle and lateral aspect of the anterior thigh. L3: the medial epicondyle of the femur. L4: the medial malleolus. L5: the dorsum of the foot at the third metatarsophalangeal joint. S1: the lateral aspect of the calcaneus. S2: at the midpoint of the popliteal fossa Objectives: The purpose of this article is to review the embryology of the lower limb arterial anatomy along with common variants and their clinical relevance. Design: Embryologic variations of the lower limb arterial system may be explained by i.) persistence of primordial arterial segments, ii.) abnormal fusion, iii.) segmental hypoplasia/absence, or a combination of both
mod 5 b -pelvic girdle and lower limb - surface and clinical anatomy 41 min In this module we will be discussing about the lower limb's anatomy, the femoral triangle and its content along with its clinical considerations The knowledge of the deep lymphatic anatomy of the upper limb has been updated. The results will provide an anatomical basis for clinical management, educational reference and scientific research. 6 Additionally, knowledge of the anatomy of the venous system of the lower limb is critical for the treatment of venous disorders, including thrombosis and varicose veins. The lower limb is encased in a dense layer of connective tissue—the deep fascia—that acts to contain the leg muscles and improve venous flow as the muscles contract . Now that we understand the rubrospinal tract and the role it plays in adjusting flexor tone in the upper limb, we can discuss decorticate versus decerebrate posturing. Both types of posture involve lower limb extension The lower limb is encased in a dense layer of connective tissue—the deep fascia—that acts to contain the leg muscles and improve venous flow as the muscles contract. In the lateral aspect of the thigh, the fascia is thickened and forms the iliotibial tract. This tract is a conjoint aponeurosis of the gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae
Clinical Gross Anatomy of the Upper Limb and Back will precede this course. Prerequisites: Audience: The course is designed for clinicians with an overall course objective to review clinically relevant anatomy through a cadaver-based experience. Space is limited — Enroll now Upper limb amputation and congenital limb deficiency. In Therapy for Amputees. Engstrom B and Van de Ven C. Churchill ↑ 9.0 9.1 Jones, L,E and J,H Davidson. 1999. Save that arm: a study of problems in the remaining arm of unilateral upper limb amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 23:55-58 ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Gambrell, C. 2008. The pelvic girdle is the attachment point of the lower limb to the body's trunk and axial skeleton. The pectoral girdle is its counterpart for the attachment of the upper limb. The sacro-iliac ligaments (posterior, anterior, and interosseous) are among the strongest ligaments in the body and support its entire weight, almost pulling the. Anatomy is the subject every medical student is scared of. We bring you Anatomy Notes to help you out. Clinical Cases Upper Limb (Whole) Upper Limb (Drive) Pectoral region (Drive) Muscle Table (whole Upper Limb) Muscle Table ( Whole Upper Limb) ( Alphabetically) Muscle Table (by Region and Movement) 2. Lower Limb ð ¦µ.
2 main trunk lesions to consider - split into lower and upper brachial plexus injuries; Erb Duchenne Palsy (Upper Trunk - C5-C6) This is a lesion of the Upper trunk (C5/6) and is the most common (50% of all birth-related neuropraxias) Mechanism. Occurs in traumatic birth as neck is flexed away from the shoulde London, UK (PRWEB) February 21, 2013 Primal Pictures has launched 3D Anatomy for MSK Ultrasound: Upper and Lower Limb, an online and DVD tool that helps medical practitioners interpret musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound images.Faculty in ultrasound and radiology technology programs also use the MSK Ultrasound series educate students on the use and interpretation of MSK ultrasounds
. Prerequisites: Audience: The course is designed for clinicians with an overall course objective to review clinically relevant anatomy through a cadaver-based experience. Space is limited - Enroll now Study Anatomy Of The Upper Limb using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. Basic Anatomy of the Lower Limb, Basic Anatomy of Upper Limbs, Skeletal Muscle Physiology I Show Class Locomotion. Clinical Anatomy of Venous Ulceration, The Lower Limb, Dissection 1.
The awareness of risk factors, clinical and sonographic findings lead to accurate diagnosis of DVT [1,2]. This section is focused on the role of Duplex USG in the diagnosis of upper or lower extremity DVT. The examination requires basic knowledge of upper or lower limb deep venous anatomy and skills in ultrasound scan technique  Upper Limb. Questions. Upper Limb - Important Questions; Upper Limb Quiz 1; Upper Limb Quiz 2; Upper Limb Regions. Pectoral Region; Shoulder and Scapular Region; Arm - Anterior and Posterior Compartments; Forearm- Flexor and Extensor Compartments; Hand. Hand - Muscles; Spaces of Hand; Ulnar, Radial Bursa; Palmar Arches - Superficial and. Nerves. Together, the lumbar and sacral plexus supply innervation to the lower extremity. The sacral plexus gives rise to the sciatic nerve (L4-S3), posterior femoral nerve (S1-S3), superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1), and inferior gluteal nerve (L5-S2). All motor innervation to the posterior thigh derives from the tibial division of the sciatic nerve except for the short head of the biceps femoris.
Study Clinical Anatomy + Pathology of Spine; Lower Limb ; Knee; Upper Limb [Instability, Impingement] flashcards from Rory McNally's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. Learn faster with spaced repetition Bones of the upper limb. Fascia, vessels and nerves of the upper limb. Anatomy clinical correlates: Median, ulnar and radial nerves. Transcript. Content Reviewers: Posterior cord gives rise to the upper and lower subscapular nerves,. Improve, refine, and refresh your understanding of cross-sectional anatomy and imaging for the upper limb, with interactive labeled US and MR images. With 10 bespoke 3D models specially created to show transducer placement, as well as clinical articles and movies authored by experts, easily translate what you see in practice to deep anatomy Prosthetic Restoration and Rehabilitation of the Upper and Lower Extremity is a well-illustrated, state-of-the-art reference on the science and practice of post-amputation care, prosthetic restoration, and functional rehabilitation, designed to maximize patient independence and quality of life. Chapters are written by physiatrists, prosthetists, surgeons, and therapists at the University of. Prosthetic Restoration and Rehabilitation of the Upper and Lower Extremity. is a well-illustrated, state-of-the-art reference on the science and practice of post-amputation care, prosthetic restoration, and functional rehabilitation, designed to maximize patient independence and quality of life.. Chapters are written by physiatrists, prosthetists, surgeons, and therapists at the University of.