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Non skeletal fluorosis

Symposium on the non-skeletal phase of chronic fluorosis

  1. Symposium on the non-skeletal phase of chronic fluorosis: The Joints. Department of Human Metabolism, L. L. R. M., Medical, College, Meerut, India. SUMMARY: Of 300 patients with endemic skeletal fluorosis 187 (110 children and 77 adults) showed evidence of arthritis. The spine, especially its cervical portion, appeared to be mainly involved.
  2. Non-skeletal forms of fluorosis are earlier manifestations, which develop long before the onset of typical changes in teeth and skeletal bones these are seen as gastro-intestinal symptoms and may overlap with other diseases leading to misdiagnosis. It affects men, women and children of all age groups
  3. Non-Skeletal Fluorosis (NSkF): This is the earliest manifestation of fluorosis. The clinical manifestations of non-skeletal fluorosis are seldom understood. Fluorosis may not be suspected based on the history and the symptoms. The manifestations that may overlap with other diseases are quite non-specific. Yet another possibility i
  4. Background:Ingestion of excess fluoride more than 1 ppm (parts per million) continuously in an endemic area causes fluorosis, a chronic disease due to fluoride intoxication. Fluorosis affects teeth, bone and non skeletal soft tissues in the body
  5. Dental fluorosis. 2. Skeletal fluorosis. 3. Non skeletal fluorosis. 1. Dental Fluorosis. Dental fluorosis is an irreversible cosmetic condition of teeth caused by the intake of fluoride during the developmental process of teeth. The crucial period of the disease is 1 to 4 years but it can affect a person at any age
  6. Endemic skeletal fluorosis is a chronic metabolic bone and joint disease caused by ingesting large amounts of fluoride either through water or rarely from foods of endemic areas. Fluoride is a cumulative toxin which can alter accretion and resorption of bone tissue. It also affects the homeostasis o
  7. What Is Skeletal Fluorosis? Skeletal Fluorosis is a chronic bone and joint disease caused by long term consumption of fluoride. As fluoride accumulates in the bones it begins to negatively alter processes of bone formation and resorption- affecting the entire skeleton().Gradually bones become weaker and more brittle, while joints increase in pain and stiffness due to skeletal changes

Fluorosis : Causes, Diagnosis , Management and Preventio

Skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis victim of the industrial city of Raigarh, Chhattisgarh. Specialty. Rheumatology. Skeletal fluorosis is a bone disease caused by excessive accumulation of fluoride leading to weakened bones. In advanced cases, skeletal fluorosis causes painful damage to bones and joints Fluorosis, a public health problem is caused by excess intake of fluoride through drinking water/food products/industrial emission over a long period. It results in major health disorders like dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis Skeletal fluorosis is a rare toxic osteopathy characterized by massive bone fixation of fluoride. The disease occurs as an endemic problem in some parts of the world and is the result of prolonged ingestion or rarely by inhalation of high amounts of fluoride. Radiographic presentation is mainly characterized by bone changes with osteocondensation and later ossification of many ligaments and. Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that affects the teeth. It's caused by overexposure to fluoride during the first eight years of life. This is the time when most permanent teeth are being formed...

  1. In conclusion, the Indian view that non-skeletal fluorosis is a real problem and that for drinking water the lesser the fluoride the better, as fluoride is injurious to health is more consistent with the current scientific knowledge than the New Zealand view that the existence of a condition of non-skeletal fluorosis is not supported by.
  2. Prevalence of skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis in male patients was 56.87% (116) and in female patients (88) it was 43.13%. RBC count in male patients was 5.03 ± 0.49 while in female patients it was 4.70 ± 0.47. With significant difference between male and female patients, P value was 0.003. Hb% in male patients was 12.44 ± 1.76.
  3. Prevention of Skeletal Fluorosis Fluoride is abundant in the environment and can be ingested through various mechanisms, leading to skeletal fluorosis. Drinking fluorous water is the primary cause of skeletal fluorosis worldwide because fluoride dissolves in water easily. Kharinar et al.[22] showed that most cases of endemic fluorosis occurring.
  4. ed at BL and EL using clinical symptoms and physical exercises as developed by Susheela et al. and Shashi et al. and as described by Kebede et al.. Individuals who could not adequately perform the physical exercises were categorized as having skeletal fluorosis

What is Fluorosis its types,diagnosis and treatmen

Fluorosis can cause varying degrees of extensive non-skeletal damage, with obvious diversity, and the specific mechanism varies. The common features are mostly degenerative changes in parenchymal cells without significant inflammatory response Excessive fluoride in drinking water causes dental, skeletal and, non-skeletal fluorosis which is encountered in endemic proportions in several parts of the world Dental Fluorosis: Chemistry and BiologyT Aoba, O Fejerskov, 2002. Fluorosis generally affects the teeth and bones which can lead to major health disorders like dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis affects men, women and children of all age groups Increased prevalence of dental, skeletal, and non-skeletal fluorosis was found among the study population. Withdrawal of source(s) identified for fluoride by supplying domestic and community filters, dietary restriction, and other nutritional interventions led to decrease in manifestation of the thr

Skeletal fluorosis in humans: a review of recent progress

Skeletal Fluorosis (Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Chronic industrial fluoride toxicosis in the forms of dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis was investigated in 162 villagers (94 males and 78 females) above 15 years of age living in the vicinity of superphosphate fertilizer plants located approximately 12 km south of Udaipur city of Rajasthan, India. Out of these villagers, 90 (55.5 %) and 29 (18.0 %) were found to be afflicted with. According to doctors, there are three forms of fluoride poisoning or fluorosis, the most common being dental fluorosis. The other two forms are skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. Dental fluorosis causes yellow, brown or black streaks or spot skeletal fluorosis.1 Skeletal fluorosis may occur at the level of 3-6 mg/L of fluoride in drinking water with chronic exposure of 10-20 years.9 Non-skeletal fluorosis affects the nervous system, muscles and blood hemoglobin level which could lead to anemia.10 Anemia is one of the most common non-skeletal manifestations of fluorosis.9 Anemia is. clinical manifestations are presented as dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and other symptoms in non‐skeletal tissue caused by ex ‐ cessive accumulation of fluoride. Since the main manifestations of fluorosis are dental and skel‐ etal fluorosis, researchers have long focused on the pathology of bone and tooth tissues

Skeletal fluorosis - Wikipedi

India is among the many countries in the world where About 62 million people including 6 million children are affected with dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis .The states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are. Symposium on the Non-Skeletal Phase of Chronic Fluorosis: The Joints. Fluoride 9(1): 19-24. (See paper) Results from Clinical Trials Results from several large (fluoride clinical trials) indicate that significant side effects attributable to treatment occur in about one-third to one-half of patients. Symptoms have been of two types.

The proper amount of fluoride helps prevent and control tooth decay in children and adults. Fluoride works both while the teeth are developing and every day after the teeth have emerged through the gums. Fluoride consumed during tooth development can also result in a range of visible changes to the enamel surface of the tooth. These changes have been broadly termed dental fluorosis, or dental. The difficulties in diagnosing skeletal fluorosis result from the questionable sensitivity of the x-ray techniques and from the non-specificity of the associated symptoms. A qualitative method to assess osteosclerosis and bone structure alteration is needed drinking water with its health consequences, i.e. high incidence of dental and skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis symptomatic cases6. Following ingestion, fluoride accumulates in bones and teeth and disperses toward cardiac muscle, liver, skin, and erythrocytes7. In hard tissues it can cause skeletal and dental fluorosis, and in sof Non-skeletal fluorosis affects tissues other than the dental and skeletal system such as the gastrointestinal tract, brain, muscle, etc. Any kind of manifestation in these organs of inhabitants of fluorotic areas may indicate non-skeletal fluorosis ( Reference Anusuya, Bamji, Rao and Reddy 3 ) clinical classification for endemic skeletal fluorosis (GB 16396-1996)13 and Radio diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis (WS 192-1999).14 In GB 16396 skeletal fluorosis is classified into three grades: Grade I (mild): X-rays indicate signs of skeletal fluorosis but without clinical symptoms of limited joint motion and joint deformation

Summation - Skeletal Fluorosis: (Click for more detail). Excessive exposure to fluoride causes an arthritic bone disease called skeletal fluorosis. According to UNICEF, skeletal fluorosis is endemic in at least 25 countries, with millions of people impacted.. Skeletal fluorosis, especially in its early stages, is a difficult disease to diagnose, and can be readily confused with various forms. Skeletal Fluorosis leads to severe and permanent bone and joint deformations. Fluorosis is an irreversible disease and there is no cure. Fluorosis is a disease that neither allows a person to live nor to die. Non-skeletal Fluorosis leads to gastrointestinal problems and neurological disorders The constant exposure to fluoride through food and drinking water results in dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. To mitigate the effects of fluoride, an Integrted approach is needed as it is advantageous than the conventional defluoridation techniques. The Integrated Fluorosis Mitigation approach imparts better understanding of the advers Non Skeletal Fluorosis 1. Neurological Manifestations • N&DiNervousness & Depression • Tingling sensation in fingers and toesand toes • Excessive thirst and tendency to urinate • Frequently (Polydypsia and polyurea) • Control by brain appears to be adversely affected. • Ml ifttiMuscular manifestation

Fluorosis National Health Portal Of Indi

Keywords Groundwater , Fluoride , Dental Fluorosis , Skeletal Fluorosis, Non-skeletal Diseases . 1. Introduction . Water is the major medium of fluoride intake by humans [1]. Fluoride in drinking water can be either beneficial or detrimental to health, depending on its concentration [2]. The presence of fluoride in drinking wate trum of fluorosis related health hazard that leads to cur-rent status, health challenges and mitigation measures have been studied by many scientists12. Young boys and girls are mostly affected by dental fluorosis, whereas adults are affected more by skeletal and non-skeletal fluo-rosis13. Rarh Bengal (Figure 1 a) is located on an extended par Non-skeletal forms of fluorosis are earlier manifestations, which develop long before the onset of typical changes in teeth and skeletal bones these are seen as gastrointestinal symptoms and may overlap with other diseases leading to misdiagnosis. It affects men, women and children of all age groups Skeletal Fluorosis affects the bones and major joints of the body like neck, back bone, shoulder, hip and knee joints with severe pain, rigidity or stiffness in joints. In severe forms results in marked disability. Non-Skeletal fluorosis is an earlier manifestation of fluorosis seen as gastro-intestinal complaints etc and may overlap with other. least 17 states of India affected with dental, skeletal and / or non-skeletal fluorosis with 62 million victims. The extent of fluoride contamination of water varies from 1.0 - 4.8 mg/L or ppm. The extent of the seriousness of fluorosis has been summarized as follows: (Susheela, A.K. 2007)

ICD Code M85.1 is a non-billable code. To code a diagnosis of this type, you must use one of the ten child codes of M85.1 that describes the diagnosis 'skeletal fluorosis' in more detail The early symptoms of skeletal fluorosis include stiffness and pain in the joints. In severe cases, the bone structure may change and ligaments may calcify, with resulting impairment of muscles and pain. Non-skeletal forms of fluorosis are earlier manifestations, which develop long before the onset of typical changes in teeth and skeletal bones. Incidence of dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis among children aged 8-15 years Area No. of children surveyed No. of children with Percent incidence Dental Skeletal fluorosis fluorosis Dental Skeletal fluorosis fluorosis Control area 1 210 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Control area 2 208 4.0 0.0 1.9 0.0 Fluorosis area 1 206 62.0 0.0 30.1 0. mottling, dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis and lack of fluoride in water causes dental caries where there is no alternate source of fluoride in the food chain and practice of excessive sweet or chocolate consumption. Removal of excess fluoride from water is difficult and expensive process

Skeletal fluorosis: don't miss the diagnosis! SpringerLin

  1. eralization of tooth enamel due to the continuous ingestion of excessive amount of F during tooth development. This results in a INTRODUCTION Water is our body's principle chemical component and makes up about 60 percent of body weight. It is essentia
  2. um smelter workers
  3. Non Skeletal Fluorosis is available. (d ): Government of India assists States by providing financial and technical assistance to provide potable water to rural population through the centrally sponsored scheme Jal Jeevan Mission (JJ M) of Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation. In March 2016, Departmen
  4. al pains, constipation and diarrhoea, bloating and flatulence, loss of appetite, polyuria.
  5. Fluorosis disease can occur in three forms: dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis. Dental fluorosis occurs in the permanent teeth in children after 8 years of age. [3] , [4] Skeletal fluorosis affects the bones and major joints of the body

Fluorosis is a crippling disease resulting from deposition of fluorides in the hard and soft tissues of body due to excess intake of fluoride through drinking water/food products/industrial pollutants over a long period. It results in dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and non-skeletal fluorosis. According to WHO, the fluoride concentration. Fluoride is a slow poison, causes dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. It affects almost all the organs in the body. Most serious is its damage to the brain. There is strong evidence that it lowers IQ in children. Arjun Khandare, Ph.D. Twee The risk of developing skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis were significantly (p < 0.001) reduced in the intervention group. A significant reduction in urinary F excretion and reduction in many fluorosis symptoms were observed among women supplemented with calcium-containing ESP, thus providing evidence for using this dietary calcium source for. Fluorosis management programme in India* A. K. Susheela India is among the 23 nations around the globe, where health problems occur due to the con sumption of fluoride contaminated water. An estimated 62 million people in India in 17 out of the 32 states are affected with dental, skeletal and/or non-skeletal fluorosis. The extent of fluorid Skeletal fluorosis is one such disease that causes tremendous pain and suffering to the affected person. Let's continue to learn more about its effects, symptoms and ways of treating the disease. Fluoride is a toxic substance that is prevalent in many pesticides, cavity prevention and even used in different medications

Dental, skeletal, and non-skeletal fluorosis assessments was carried out at BL and, except for dental, at EL. Relative risk (RR) and linear generalized estimating equation were used to compare outcomes between groups. At BL, urinary F excretion in the IG and CG groups was similar, ~10 mg/L. At EL, urinary F excretion in IG women was six-fold. What is it exactly? It is quite hard to deduce from the text (particularly at the beginning) what Skeletal fluorosis actually is. It just describes what the possible causes are, and statistics of it in several countries, but gives no mention on how it affects the body. --125.60.241.168 16:03, 14 September 2007 (UTC) I concur Other databases included: such as teeth (dental fluorosis), bone (skeletal fluorosis) and soft PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, WHO, Ebscohost, tissues (non-skeletal fluorosis) [8]. Science Direct, Google Search Engine, etc. National and State department of health websites were also searched for relevant AVAILABLE TREATMENT MODALITIES. Nalgonda Floride Fluorosis, a public health problem is caused by excessive intake of fluoride through drinking water (and other sources) over a long period. It results in significant health issues like dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis. Over 19 Lakh population of Nalgonda are at risk because of the high concentration of fluoride found [ They are among the victims of skeletal, non-skeletal or dental fluorosis living in the fluoride-hit, drought-prone districts of Salem, Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri. The fluoride belt of TN

Endemic fluorosis is prevalent in india since 1937. The available data suggest that 15 States in India are endemic for fluorosis (fluoride level in drinking water >1.5 (mg/l) . • about 62 million people in India suffer from dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. • Out of these; 6 million are children below the age of 14 years Close to 12 million people in India are affected by more than the desirable level of fluoride in drinking water that could lead to dental, skeletal, and non-skeletal fluorosis. Dental fluorosis is a developmental defect that results in hypo-mineralization and pronounced porosity of enamel in the affected individuals About 62 million people in India suffer from dental, skeletal or non-skeletal fluorosis (Susheela, 2001). Of these, 6 million are children below the age of 14.In India about 20 states (viz., Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu etc.) have been. 2021 ICD-10-CM Index › 'F' Terms › Index Terms Starting With 'F' (Fluorosis) Index Terms Starting With 'F' (Fluorosis

Fluorosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

on Water Quality and Fluorosis in India. Fluorosis, a public health problem is caused by excess intake of fluoride through drinking water/food products/industrial emission over a long period. It results in major health disorders like dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. The late stages of skeletal and dental fluorosis effects are. Skeletal fluorosis occurs when too much fluoride builds up in the body. In China and India, for example, the high levels of skeletal fluorosis are believed to come from drinking water as well as inhaling coal being used as an indoor fuel source. It is a debilitating disease, especially in latter stages. While in the beginning, the achy joints.

Dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal flourosis was assessed by case definitions and diagnostic criteria developed by Fluorosis Research and Rural Development Foundation, New Delhi.[2,5,6,7] Data collected were analyzed by suitable statistical methods Neurological manifestations associated with skeletal fluorosis have been attributed to compressive radioculomyelopathy. Reports suggesting a direct anterior horn cell involvement have also been published., Experimental fluorosis has demonstrated non-skeletal toxic effects in the skeletal muscle and spinal cord The available data suggest that 15 States in India are endemic for fluorosis (fluoride level in drinking water >1.5 mg/l), and about 62 million people in India suffer from dental, skeletal and. fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis in villagers. The fluorosis in human being and livestock is in alarming scale due to the prolonged intake of such higher concentration of fluoride which has tremendous influence on the socioeconomic conditions of the poor villagers Objectives: To evaluate skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis in patients living at endemic fluoridated areas and also the morphological changes in red blood cells (R.B.C.'s). Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Vidharbha region of Maharashtra, India. An ethical clearance was obtained from the concerned authorities

Keywords: Fluoride, health problems, Dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, Non skeletal fluorosis 1. INTRODUCTION Fluoride has both positive and negative effects on human health, but there is a narrow range between intakes that are associated with some adverse effects. Fluoride was first used to fight dental cavities i Abstract Objectives: To evaluate skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis in patients living at endemic fluoridated areas and also the morphological changes in red blood cells (R.B.C.′s). Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Vidharbha region of Maharashtra, India

Non-skeletal manifestations of fluorosis | Download Table

International differences in the recognition of non

The non-skeletal mani festations are, however, commonly complained of by people living where fluoride is above 1.5 mg/1. It is estimated that nearly one lakh rural population in the district is being affected from the ill effects of the disease, whether it is dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and/or non-skeletal manifestations. Similar. non-skeletal problems8. Fluorosis in India is endemic and as many as 19 states and 230 districts are affected9. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan are states where about 50-100% districts are affected10. It is reported that 17 districts in Tamil Nadu are endemic for fluorosis11.Despite the fact that Kanchipuram. • Skeletal. Abstract. Fluorosis occurs due to excessive fluorine entry into the body. Dental, skeletal . and non-skeletal fluorosis is different types of fluorosis. Endemic skeletal fluorosis is prevalent in many countries including India. Conventional radiographs and mor

Assessment of Skeletal and Non-skeletal Fluorosis in

Treatment and Prevention of Skeletal Fluorosis - ScienceDirec

Fluoride contamination in ground water

fluoride in water and Fluorosis. It was evident that Dental Fluorosis incidence in children r ranged from 2% to 33% in Gujarat; Skeletal Fluorosis incidence ranged from 1% to 75% in certain areas in Gujarat. The third form of the disease i.e. Non-skeletal Fluorosis ranged from 25% - n$% of the population of the endemic districts of Haryana and. It results in major health disorders like dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non‐skeletal fluorosis. The late stages of skeletal and dental fluorosis are permanent and irreversible in nature and are detrimental to the health of an individual and the community, which in turn has adverse effects on growth, development & economy of the. However, excessive intake of fluoride leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis. Apart from teeth and bone it also affects other systems of the body leading to an entity called non-skeletal orosis. Dental fluorosis is a developmental disturbance of dental enamel caused b Fluoride is beneficial to health if the concentration (CF) of the fluoride ion (F-) in drinking water is less than 1.5 mg/L (WHO 1994). A higher concentration causes serious health hazards. The disease caused manifests itself in three forms, namely, dental, skeletal, and non-skeletal fluorosis. On a large scale, it is used in dental product due.

Efficacy of Calcium-Containing Eggshell Powder

Numerous reports on epidemiological surveys of skeletal and dental fluorosis exist, but information is quite limited on non-skeletal manifestations of fluoride toxicity. The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence and severity of non-skeletal manifestations, especially gastrointestinal disturbances, in an area of skeletal and dental fluorosis M85.121 Skeletal fluorosis, right upper arm. M85.122 Skeletal fluorosis, left upper arm. M85.129 Skeletal fluorosis, unspecified upper arm. M85.13 Skeletal fluorosis, forearm. Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes Fluorosis, a general medical issue is brought about by abundance admission of fluoride through drinking water/sustenance items/mechanical outflow over a long stretch. It brings about real wellbeing issue like dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. The late phases of skeletal and dental fluorosis impacts are changeless and irreversible in. A case of skeletal fluorosis from Pavagada Tq, Tumkur Dt : FMRRC Survey. Dr.D. Raja Reddy, ex-Director NIMS Hyderabad, a pioneering researcher on the subject, told us : It is a disease of the poor. The only way out is prevention at an early stage. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download. Fluorosis And THYROID - Fluoride levels were found to be as high as 5 to 23 mg per liter, The permissible limit according to WHO is only 1.5 mg/L 7. Unfortunately, fluorosis has no cure. Fluoride levels were found to be as high as 5 to 23 mg per.

Conclusion: Increased prevalence of dental, skeletal, and non-skeletal fluorosis was found among the study population. Withdrawal of source(s) identified for fluoride by supplying domestic and community filters, dietary restriction, and other nutritional interventions led to decrease in manifestation of the three types of fluorosis within 5 month There are certain practically-- induced persistent toxicity as induced by excessive fluoride amount which grows endemic skeletal, non-skeletal and dental fluorosis issues. Investigational chronic/acute toxicity analysis revealed certain problems owing non-specific symptoms found to impart nephrotoxicity in many rodents

And non-skeletal fluorosis effects like dental and skeletal fluorosis. Mind you, that doesn't stop activists making sporadic claims of all sorts of health effects from fluoridation and relying on studies from areas of endemic fluorosis. But the most frequent claims made by activists at the moment relate to IQ Endemic skeletal fluorosis is widely prevalent in India and in many countries around the world but it is a major public health problem in some 25 countries in Asia and Africa ,. Sixty million Indians are living in about 200 districts of 20 states in endemic areas of fluorosis and are at risk of developing fluorosis . In India there are about six million people disabled because of fluorosis and. Fluorosis generally affects the teeth and bones which can lead to major health disorders like dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis and non-skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis affects men, women and children of all age groups. Dental fluorosis is common to children which is characterized by discoloration and disfiguration of their teeth skeletal fluorosis: [ floo͡″ro´sis ] a condition due to ingestion of excessive amounts of fluorine or its compounds; see fluoride poisoning . chronic endemic fluorosis that due to unusually high concentrations of fluoride, usually in the natural drinking water supply, typically causing dental fluorosis characterized by a mottled appearance of. Radiculomyelopathy in a southwestern indian due to skeletal fluorosis. Arizona Medicine 28: 675-677. Gupta RK, et al. (1996). Compressive myelopathy in fluorosis. Neuroradiology 38: 338-342. (See abstract) Haimanot RT. (1990). Neurological complications of endemic skeletal fluorosis, with special emphasis on radiculo-myelopathy

The pathogenesis of endemic fluorosis: Research progress

  1. High concentrations of fluoride naturally occurring in the ground water in the Arusha region of Tanzania cause dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis in up to 90% of the region's population [1]. Symptoms of this incurable but completely preventable disease include brittle, discolored teeth, malformed bones and stiff and swollen joints. The consumption of high fluoride water has also.
  2. Indian Journal of Public Health (2011-01-01) . Health impact of supplying safe drinking water containing fluoride below permissible level on flourosis patients in a fluoride-endemic rural area of West Benga
  3. Skeletal fluorosis is a health effect of excessive accumulation of fluoride in bones leading to changes in bone structure and making them extremely weak and brittle. The early stages of skeletal fluorosis are characterized by increased bone mass, detectable by x-ray

Of this 3% of fresh water, 1.74% is in glacier form, 1.7% as ground water and the rest in the other the recent study, 62 million people are affected by various degrees of fluorosis in India alone. Out of these; 6 million are affected with a dental, skeletal and non-skeletal form of fluo- rosis and associated health problems [7] Dental fluorosis was higher in the 8-45 age groups. In males, both skeletal and dental fluorosis was more common, and the prevalence of skeletal fluorosis increased with age. The most common skeletal deformities found were genu varum (38.1%) and genu vulgum (6.3%). The level of water fluoridation ranges from 0.2 to 7.8 ppm. [15

Presentation regarding FluorosisHealth Effects of Ingested Fluoride Dental-Skeletal Fluorosis